This report provides an analysis of the history and current situation of the conflict context, actors and dynamics in Beirut, Lebanon. The report seeks to shed light on the main actors, topics of contestation, conflict and mobilisation in its historical becoming as well as current expressions. The report includes a special focus on the social question, subsequent political and social mobilisation, gender issues, the securitisation of the city, as well as the interactions between the Lebanese host community and Syrian refugees and their unfolding within the last four years (since 2011).
Conflict Analysis Project
This visual looks into the actors and raids in incidents mapped and classified as social discrimination on our conflict mapping. Since our classifications includes social discrimination and social solidarity acts, the actors visualisation shows who is behind each behind social discrimination and social solidarity acts, and reflects the actions of small grassroots collectives, such as "Committee for The Fight Against Sectarianism and Racism", in mobilising against social discrimination.
قبل عام 2011، كانت عرسال كالمناطق الأخرى المهمشة لا تصلها التنمية ولا المشاريع الحكومية ولا الخدمات العامة و بالكاد يسمع عنها. فلا صحف تكتب عنها ولا قنوات تهتم بنقل أخبارها ومشاكلها، وفجأة أصبحت عرسال هي الخبر، احتلت العناوين الرئيسية في الصحف وبات اسمها يتردد يوميا في نشرات الأخبار و تصريحات السياسيين والحلقات الحوارية.
This map visualises the instances of air space violations in Lebanon made by the Israeli military, analysing the original data in order to extrapolate the flight trajectory between the locations where the violation was recorded and reported. These breaches of Lebanese sovereignty happen so regularly that they become overlooked. However, the map shows that Israeli airplanes overfly all cazas of the country from South to North, with a higher concentration in the border areas of the South (specifically Nabatieh), and Baalbeck.
* This paper, commissioned by Lebanon Support, is also a result of research done in the framework and with the support of the European Research Council (ERC) Program, “When authoritarianism fails in the Arab world (Wafaw)”. Its content is the sole responsibility of its author, and does not necessary represents the official view of the European Research Council.
These two info-graphics analyse mobilisations in Lebanon that have been mapped by Lebanon Support since the launch of the Conflict Mapping & Analysis project in June 2014 until the 30th of May 2015. The first visual looks into the classifications of these collective actions and their distribution per district, as well as the mode of action adopted or type of collective action. It clearly shows how mobilisations are linked to broader social issues, away from confessionalism clichés.
The conflict mapping, part of the Conflict Mapping & Analysis project, by Lebanon Support in collaboration with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), tracks incidents, mobilisations, as well as conflicts between individuals/groups/communities happening all over the country. Each mapped event is verified, categorised, and classified based on a typology devised by Lebanon Support, which adopts a broad socio-political approach to “conflict”.
Avec la division de la Grande Syrie et la création de l’État libanais, Tripoli est devenue une ville orpheline coupée de son cordon vital, les villes côtières syriennes. Cette division a affaibli la position et le rôle de la deuxième ville du pays dans la nouvelle République. L’insatisfaction face au système confessionnel libanais, les tensions politiques régionales et les inégalités dans la distribution de la richesse ont transformé la ville de Tripoli en une « ville rebelle ».
This Conflict Analysis Digest is composed of:
I. Current conflict trends
1- Overview of mapped conflict incidents in Lebanon, with the villages where most incidents are mapped for each classification. (Between 1 July 2014 and 28 June 2015)
2- Mapped air strikes/ armed conflicts and violations classified as Syrian Border Conflicts. (Between 1 July 2014 and 28 June 2015)
3- Overview of mapped conflict incidents in the Matn.
II. Brief thematic report