MSF’s objective in carrying out this study was to better understand the conditions facing Syrian refugees living in Lebanon. With the aim of adapting the organisation’s response to the evolving situation, teams collected information and testimonies specifically focused on the health situation of refugees and influencing factors such as shelter, sanitation and their journey from Syria.
This report focuses on the consequences for Syrian refugees in Lebanon of not being able to access adequate health care. It does not intend to cover all aspects of the right to health for Syrian refugees; rather it exposes shortfalls in the health care system as one of the many serious issues faced by Syrian refugees in Lebanon, a country which is overburdened and under-resourced to sufficiently deal with the crisis.
This report introduces the conflict context in the Sahel Akkar area, the Lebanese most northern coastal area bordering Syria. Sahel Akkar is predominantly agricultural, with Muslim Sunni and Alawite residents and a small Christian minority, in addition to a Syrian refugee population equivalent in number to a third of the Lebanese population. The conflict issues experienced in the area today are rooted in structural causes, including a long history of control by feudal families and marginalization in national politics and developmental agenda.
This report introduces the conflict context in the coastal Chouf area, a semi-urban area connecting the capital Beirut to Sidon in the south, the country’s third largest city. The area is largely urbanized with government employment providing the main source of income, in addition to significant industrial and touristic sectors. Its resident population is predominantly Sunni, as a large percentage of the registered Christian population was displaced during the war.