This report explores the impact of transport infrastructure and service availability and efficiency on the connectivity – the state of being connected – of GVCs. It assesses whether the Arab region meets the necessary requirements of infrastructure, logistics and trade facilitation to be able to participate meaningfully in GVCs.
Public Sector Development
For many analysts, the situation in Lebanon appears to be at a tipping point of violence, as the country has welcomed more than 1.5 million Syrian refugees since the start of the conflict in Syria. The consequences that this has brought to Lebanese society have been social, economic and structural, among others.
The objective of the Civil Society Review is to bring civil society practitioners, experts, activists, and researchers together to develop knowledge, as well as to innovate new tools and practices so as to strengthen Lebanon’s civil society and its voice. The Civil Society Review produces evidence-based research and analysis and disseminates findings and recommendations to promote civic engagement, shape policies, and stimulate debate within civil society spheres in Lebanon.
Lebanon has made significant strides in improving education in recent years, but much remains to be done. A signatory of the International Convention on the Rights of the Child, Lebanon still needs to ensure that education be free, available and accessible for all, and that drop-out rates be cut from their currently very high levels.
In the framework of “Towards a National Dialogue on Corruption in Lebanon”, the United Nations Development Programme and the Lebanese Transparency Association were able to lay down the foundation of anti-corruption modules as translated into the document entitled “Towards a National Anti-Corruption Strategy”. Specifically, this publication provides a useful tool that simplifies the complexities of corruption in Lebanon and outlines the necessary steps to move discussion about reform away from theory towards practical implementation.
This paper examines the impact of a rise in the Value Added Tax (VAT) on poverty and inequality in Lebanon. It develops an empirical model based on consumer demand theory and uses only household survey data on expenditures and spatial price indexes.
The State and Trends of the Lebanese Environment report provides an overview of the current condition of natural resources and environmental management in the country. Furthermore, it gives an analysis of past and future developments across multiple different sectors.
The “Review of the Public Procurement Legal Framework in Lebanon” introduces the Sustainable Public Procurement (SPP) in Lebanon and elaborates on the legal of the country’s procurement and sustainability laws that may offer a legal possibility for the adoption of SPP principles, in addition to the existing procurement practices and the legal adaptions given to them. For this purpose, various examples are presented as possible models to follow in the adoption and implementation of SPP laws.
“Moukhtar” booklet provides guidelines for municipality leaders and mayors, on how to effectively implement practices and procedures that would benefit the local community, whether in regular daily activities or in conflict situations.