Socio-Economic Rights Base
Protests have been ongoing in Lebanon since October 17 2019, in an unprecedented geographic spread, largely motivated by demands to access socio-economic rights, which are part and parcel of human rights. This infographic visualises these demands, shedding light on the role of civil society actors in mobilising on these issues throughout the years, and in creating and framing rights-based demands and discourses.
On 17 October 2019, numerous protests have taken place across the country, all directly linked to access to socio-economic rights, corruption, and policy grievances. While all these demands may notably be driven by years of neglect of the peripheries, clientelism and patronage, and austerity, they ultimately underline a crisis of political legitimacy and trust, and ought to be read in the context of an increasingly constrained democratic and civic space.
The social protection landscape in Lebanon is characterised by its fragmentation and exclusionary nature, leaving the most vulnerable and marginalised with little access to any kind of safety net. Workers in the civil society sector are particularly affected by this situation notably as a result of the increased casualisation of employment within the sector, and of more structural factors inherent to financing mechanisms and streams of nonprofits.
This report examines both the historical development and current situation of Syrians working in Lebanon through the analysis of policies established and implemented by the Lebanese government. While the report is not an assessment of these policies, it nevertheless reflects on its impact on Syrians’ working conditions and livelihoods. In this vein, this report notably focuses on emerging dynamics of increased informality, exploitation, and dependence.
This report seeks to provide an overview of Lebanon’s current policy towards Syrian refugees, and to explore the new rules and regulations issued by General Security regarding the entry, residency, and departure of Syrian nationals. It also analyses the challenges pertaining to the current policy and its impact on the daily lives of Syrian refugees, with a special focus on their emerging illegality, their struggle for decent livelihood and working conditions, and increased informality and insecurity.
As eyes were peeled elsewhere in 2012, Lebanon was experiencing significant developments. The most notable of these moments within the Lebanese front were the demonstrations and push-backs by various labour movements against political and economic structures that have dominated the state for so long.