This report will provide a description of the assessment conducted by IMC’s Mental Health and Psychosocial team in the region of Wadi Khaled following the displacement of Syrians into the northern villages between the Lebanese-Syrian borders as a result of the internal conflicts taking place in Syria.
Syrian Refugees in Lebanon
This mission was undertaken between the 2nd and 18thof July 2011 to assess the shelter options for the Syrians displaced in Northern Lebanon (the Akkar region). The shelter options need to be evaluated both with respect to the current situation - a relatively small population (2,000-3,000) residing mostly with host families with a few in abandoned schools - and with respect to a potentially larger situation of displacement in the north.
UNHCR, coordinating the operations in the North along side with the HRC (High Relief Commission) and DRC as its main implementing partner, requested from DRC to conduct a first rapid assessment in the Bekaa with the following objectives: a) To identify existing areas of displacement in the Bekaa, where displaced Syrians might have fled since the beginning of the crisis, b) To assess the capacities of these areas (or others) to host additional displaced Syrians, in the hypothesis of a larger influx.
This report will summarize the findings of the: (1) Training Needs Questionnaire, (2) The Pre Post- Test, and (3) the Training Evaluation.
As a result of the unrest in Syria, the Akkar Region in northern Lebanon has hosted several thousand displaced Syrians since May 2011. While the numbers have fluctuated per month, UNHCR reports that in February 2012 there were 6,916 registered displaced Syrians in northern Lebanon.1 They entered the Akkar area both legally and illegally, giving some the right to move freely and restricting others to the area of Wadi Khaled.
28 refugee households were surveyed, which represented a total of 501 refugees, 48% male and 52% female, which is approximately 11% of the Syrian refugee population in North Bekaa. There were approximately 2.8 families per household, with an average of 16.75 people per HH, with a range of 51 (max) and 5 (min).
As of the end of April 2012, the number of Syrian families displaced in the Bekaa has increased to 2,800 households. Families registered with local partners receive kits of dry food, but they have requested more variety and choice in food items. Given families’ needs, the fact that markets are functioning in the area and that local authorities supported the idea, UNHCR and partners recommended to assess the possibility of implementing food vouchers instead of in-kind distributions.
This mission was undertaken from 19 March to 5 April 2012 to assess the shelter options for displaced Syrians in West and Middle Bakaa. The shelter needs must be evaluated with respect to the current situation. Presently, there is a relatively small-displaced population of approximately 5000 person or 825 families. Half of the displaced Syrian families have taken residence in rental accommodations (50%) and the other half are divided into living in nomadic camps (26%) or hosted with families or living in shelter provided of the local community (24%).