The third edition of the Arab Governance Report introduces post-war best practices from international and regional experiences. It suggests strategies and policies for Libya and Yemen that focus on the immediate aftermath once combat ceases and a future political settlement. With the prioritizationand sequencing of post-war policies dependent on distinctive historical trajectories, these road maps are tailored to the unique circumstances of each case.
History of Conflicts and Political Violence
“This not about my personal story. This is a story that affected many people, and I am just one example of it. Of course we all had some kind of background, a life before. For example, I was always rebellious and active in fighting for my rights, at home, in school, in university, it was as if life was somehow preparing me for what happened afterwards. And in 1982 I got dragged into this cause that was bigger than me and bigger than anything I have ever lived. From that moment on, it occupied me completely.
Conflicts, abuses, repression, and human rights violations always leave a bitter taste when proper mourning to achieve personal or communal healing is cutoff by indifference, and politics of amnesia.
International law clearly recognises the right of victims and survivors to know about the circumstances of serious violations of their human rights and about who was responsible for their suffering.
This report investigates the use of memory by political parties in Lebanon in the political and educational domains.
The study was carried out in collaboration with forumZFD Lebanon and conducted in the framework of the programm area "Dealing with the Past". In the course of the research process Dr. Mara Albrecht and Dr. Basel Akar interviewed politicans of seven political parties, namely the Free Patriotic Movement (FPM), Hezbollah, Future Movement (FM), Lebanese Kataeb Party, Lebanese Forces (LF), Progressive Socialist Party (PSP) and Syrian Social Nationalist Part (SSNP).
The recommendations contained in this report have been developed by a consortium of civil society actors. They constitute a set of practical political and social reforms specifically designed to address the legacy of the 1975–1990 war in Lebanon and the resulting ongoing cycle of political violence. These recommendations are driven by two main objectives: 1) to curb Lebanon’s ongoing vulnerability to political violence and 2) to introduce some measure of civic trust in state institutions.