Lebanon provides a refuge for many women and teenagers driven away from neighbouring countries by wars and conflicts, as well as some who have come from other countries seeking better economic conditions. Trafficking and prostitution are exacerbated in a context of unemployment and insecurity, where the State is often absent.
With globalisation, the mobility of people has grown, and women are essential actors in this migratory phenomenon. This article focuses on the role of women in migration and the role of migration in advancing women’s rights to achieve gender equality.
Only a handful of studies in Lebanon have shed light on the changing gendered dynamics within the refugee families by comparing gender roles, expectations, and practices before and after displacement (as result of armed conflict). And even when such research is carried out, it has seldom examined how changing roles and identities related to masculinities affect gender relations.
This report is submitted by: the A project (1), the Center for Reproductive Rights (2), and the Sexual Rights Initiative (3). It addresses gender equality and sexual and reproductive rights in Lebanon and makes references specifically to family violence, marital rape, personal status law, rights of LGBT persons, contraception and safe abortion.
The following study is a first attempt to explore and better understand the demand side in Lebanon where little has been written on this critical component of the prostitution industry. Studies on male buyers of sexual acts are not only rare, but when they exist, they often deal with the health side of the subject (e.g., the spreading of HIV/AIDS, use of condom, use of drugs).
This Policy Brief is based on research that explored the process of establishing and implementing Law 293, and on a policy dialogue that took place at the Institute on March 8, 2017 to discuss the status of the law, its effectiveness, and the recommendations ensuring an efficient protection of women from domestic violence (DV).