Conflictvity Index

In the first half of 2016, the Akkar district witnessed the second highest intensity of Security conflictivity. 57% of the incidents that Akkar witnessed were criminal acts, related to personal and Individual Acts of Violence, including Robbery/Trespassing, Brawl/Dispute, Assault, Shooting and Murder, while 19% of incidents were related to Power and Governance conflicts which are characterised as incident opposing central state power and governance, such as Drug Trafficking and Arms Storage/Smuggling.
In the first half of 2016, 37% of incidents in the Security dimension were categorised as “Brawls/Disputes.” Most notably, in 70% of cases, a Brawl/Dispute devolved into a Shooting. While such incidents were dispersed across Lebanon, it is also interesting to know that in the Ain el-Hilweh refugee camp, 15% of Brawls/Disputes evolved into a Shooting in the first half of 2016.
During the first half of 2016, Baalbeck witnessed a high intensity of Security conflictivity (153 incidents). Taking into consideration the Primary and Secondary Classifications of incidents (read more about our coding here), 73% of these Security conflicts incidents were the classified as Individual Acts of Violence, whereas 30% were classified as Power and Governance conflicts.
In the first half of 2016, el-Qaa village was targeted by a series of deadly Suicide Bombing (See our visual on the el-Qaa bombings here). In fact, alone, one of the Suicide Bombing in El Qaa caused 5 casualties and injured 19 people. Apart from el-Qaa, it is interesting to note that some of these incidents were violent and resulted in a total of 3 deaths and 25 injuries all happening in only 21 incidents mostly related to Individual Acts of Violence as Disputes and Shootings.
About
The Conflictivity Index is a tool developed by Lebanon Support, in partnership with the United Nations Development Programme, based on the “Geo-located Mapping of Conflicts in Lebanon,” and using its data. Through the use of heat maps, the Conflictivity Index aims to give a broad overview of conflict intensity in Lebanon, focusing on 4 dimensions: Armed Conflict, Security, State Response, and Collective Action. Each dimension is comprised of a number of categories from the “Geo-located Mapping of Conflicts in Lebanon” and highlights the intensity of conflictuality associated with mapped incidents in each caza. To further explore each conflict incident category, refer to the “Geo-located Mapping of Conflicts in Lebanon.”

 

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The Security dimension encompasses conflict incidents relevant to criminal acts, such as assault, robbery, and illicit trade, but also incidents that generally pose a security threat to the stability of the country, such as arms storage/smuggling, murders, and hostage taking situations.