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Conflict Incident Report
Strategic alliance between Lebanese Front and Syria ends
In 1978 the strategic alliance between the Lebanese Front and Syria came to an end. Chamoun and Frangieh were calling openly for Syrian troops to withdraw from Lebanon, and some minor incidents had occurred between Christian militias and ADF troops (namely in North Lebanon). On Fabruary 7, 1978, a clash erupted in front of the Lebanese military barrack of the military school in Fayadieh in the northeastern suburb of Beirut. An ADF (Syrian) unit had set up a checkpoint in front of the barrack, despite several requests by the Lebanese Army for its removal. When the checkpoint was not removed, the Lebanese Army attacked it. This marked the open confrontation between the Lebanese army (and the Christian militias) and the ADF. As a result, the ADF shelled the school and then shelled Christian residential neighborhoods of Ain al-Remmaneh, Karm al-Zeitoun, and Badaro in East Beirut; at least 100 civilians were killed and 200 wounded.
Open confrontation begins between Christian militias and ADF
Other incidents that reflected the open confrontation between the Christian leadership and militias and Syria took place between February and June,...
ADF bombs Ain al-Remmaneh and Badaro
On April 12, the ADF bombed Ain al-Remmaneh and Badaro, killing at least 60 civilians and injuring 250.
Clashes among ADF, and PNL/Kataeb
Three civilians were killed during renewed clashes among the ADF, PNL, and some Kataeb members during the bombardment in Ain al-Remmaneh.