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Conflict Incident Report

Clashes in the South among various actors

Associated Timeline/Case: 
The Two-Year War: February 1975– December 1976
Date of incident: 
June 1, 1976 to August 30, 1976
Actors/Parties Involved: 
Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO)
National Movement (NM)
Christian militias
Lebanese Resistance Regiments (AMAL)

The Shi’a community in South Lebanon was becoming increasingly unhappy about the protracted war between the Israelis and PLO militias with their Lebanese allies, because the Shi’a were bearing the brunt of it. As of the summer of 1976, there had been some short-lived clashes between Amal members and the PLO already. In parallel, the Joint Forces were also fighting against Christian militias based in the areas of Marjeyoun and Khiyam. These were also known as border militias. The Israeli Army supported them, transporting by sea some of their members from the center of the country to the south and by way of artillery shelling.

Primary category: 
Clashes/Armed Conflict