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Conflict Incident Report

Attack to empty Damour and Jiyeh

Associated Timeline/Case: 
The Two-Year War | February, 1975 to December, 1976
Date of incident: 
January 20, 1976
Death toll: 
Actors/Parties Involved: 
Lebanese Communist Party
Organization of Communist Action Lebanon (OCAL)
Al-Murabitoun (Independent Nasserist Movement)
Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO)
National Movement (NM)
Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine (DFLP)
As-Saiqa (Vanguard of the Popular Liberation War)

The militias went into Damour and Jiyeh and proceeded to kill entire families, including children, women, and elderly people. Rapes, burning, looting, and destruction also occurred. Civilians who had sought refuge in the church were killed or summarily executed. Graves were desecrated. A priest who survived the attack reported that whole families were killed in their homes, many women were gang-raped, and few of them were left alive afterward. Between 150 and 500 civilians were killed that day, out of an estimated population of 35,000. The groups that took part in the attack were mainly formed of NM and PLO militias, DFLP, Fatah, as well as as-Sa`iqa, LCP, OCAL, and Murabitun. There was a decision to “empty the city,” and the operation was conducted under the command of Fatah and as-Sa`iqa.

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