|Title||Actors/Parties Involved||Description||Date of incident||Death toll||Number of Injured||Sources of Conflict||Security Incident Category|
|Robbery in Dekweneh||Lebanese Civilians||
- وفي محلة الدكوانة في قضاء المتن، تعرضت المواطنة روز بطرس حنكش للنشل من داخل سيارتها، وقد سحب من حقيبتها من المقعد الذي بجانبها وفي داخلها مبلغ 500 الف ليرة وهاتفها الخليوي، وفر النشال على متن دراجة نارية صغيرة الحجم في الشوارع الداخلية متواريا عن الانظار.
|Friday, April 22, 2016||0persons||0persons||Robbery/Trespassing|
|Municipality member abducted in Dekwaneh||Lebanese Civilians, Armed militants||
On 28 Aug 15, in Dekwaneh, unidentified armed persons kidnapped the Lebanese national Antoine Sfeir (Member of the Municipality). The abductors demanded the family a ransom of 35000$ in exchange of his release.
|Friday, August 28, 2015||0persons||0persons||Hostage Taking Situation [inc. attempt, release]|
|Antoine Sfeir Released One Day after Abdcution||Lebanese Civilians||
Municipal council member of the town of Dekwaneh Antoine Sfeir, has been freed on Saturday after he was kidnapped a day earlier, the state-run National News Agency reported. Sfeir was abducted in Dekweneh by a man from the Dandash family and has been taken to the Bekaa town of Hermel. The abductor set him free after settling “personal financial matters,” NNA said. Sfeir was released and has headed to the eastern city of Zahle.
|Saturday, August 29, 2015||0persons||0persons||Hostage Taking Situation [inc. attempt, release]|
|Fire breaks out in paint factory in Dekwaneh||Civil Defense||
A fire broke out Sunday afternoon in a paint factory in the area of Tal el-Zaatar in Dekwaneh, which spread to nearby shops, while Civil Defense teams rushed to the area to put off the fire, NNA correspondent reported.
|Tuesday, July 28, 2015||0persons||0persons||Fire|
|Army arrests Syrians and Egyptians in Dekweneh||Lebanese Military Intelligence, Syrian Civilians/Refugees, Lebanese Armed Forces (LAF)||
The Army conducted raids at dawn in Ras Dekweneh region in coordination with the municipality police and the Army Intelligence, and arrested 11 Syrians and Egyptians who have no identity papers and work licenses.
|Friday, October 24, 2014||0persons||0persons||Arrest/Detention, Raid|
|Curfew restrictions on Syrian refugees in Dekweneh||Syrian Civilians/Refugees||
In the municipality of Dekweneh curfew restrictions have been imposed on Syrian refugees, from 8 pm onwards since the 16th of August 2014. Lebanese municipalities have increasingly imposed curfews on Syrian refugees. The curfews restrict refugees’ movements and contribute to a climate of discriminatory and retaliatory practices against them. Human Rights Watch has identified at least 45 municipalities across the country that have imposed such curfews. Some of the curfews were among numerous retaliatory measures directed at Syrians following the August 2014 fighting in Arsal, Lebanon between the Lebanese army and extremist groups operating out of Syria and the execution of at least three Lebanese soldiers abducted by the Islamic State and Jabhat al-Nusra. Such curfews violate international human rights law and appear to be illegal under Lebanese law. Municipal police enforce many of the curfews but Human Rights Watch also received information about the creation of local vigilante groups to enforce curfews, raising concerns about abuses. “The authorities have presented no evidence that curfews for Syrian refugees are necessary for public order or security in Lebanon,” said Nadim Houry, deputy Middle East director. “These curfews are just contributing to an increasingly hostile environment for Syrian refugees in the country.” The Lebanese government should instruct municipalities to stop imposing the curfews and to protect Syrians in Lebanon from retaliatory measures, Human Rights Watch said. The national government should not cede its responsibilities concerning the refugees to municipalities that are not well-equipped or responsible for meeting the challenges of the increasing number of refugees in the country. Lebanon now hosts close to 1.2 million registered or registering Syrian refugees. Despite the growing numbers, the national government has not adopted a national policy for housing or otherwise managing the influx of refugees. Nor has it provided adequate guidance to municipalities on how to manage the influx of refugees in their communities or to oversee their policies to ensure compliance with Lebanon’s international human rights obligations, Human Rights Watch said. While some municipalities have had curfews for well over a year, a number of others imposed similar curfews following the fighting in Arsal. The curfews are typically announced with a large banner erected in a main street, outlining the times during which Syrians, foreigners, or foreign workers are not allowed to be outside or gather in large groups. The banners, which address ‘foreigners’ and ‘foreign workers’, are widely understood to refer to Syrians. On August 18, Human Rights Watch visited two villages in the Akkar region of northern Lebanon that imposed curfews after the fighting in Arsal broke out. The director of the Ministry of Social Affairs health clinic in the Christian village of Rahbe, Akkar, told Human Rights Watch that on August 8 the local municipality imposed an 8 p.m. curfew. While the head of the Rahbe Municipality told Human Rights Watch that the curfew was targeted at motorbikes, which are popular with Syrians, and not at Syrians generally, Rahbe residents told Human Rights Watch that they understood that the curfew applied to Syrians more broadly. In neighboring Tikrit, a predominately Sunni town, a Syrian resident and a local Lebanese resident both said that a curfew was imposed on about August 8. The deputy director of the Tikrit municipality denied that there was a blanket curfew and said it specifically targeted those on motorbikes. A Syrian refugee who lives in Zalka, in the Metn district, said that in late August municipal police prevented him from getting medicine for his sick child from a pharmacy next to his house at 8:45 p.m.: When I got down to the street, I was immediately stopped by the municipal police. They said, ‘You are Syrian, you can’t go out after 8pm. There is a curfew in place, no Syrians can go out after 8pm.’ I told them, ‘Yes but I am just going to get medicine for my child.’ They said, ‘No, you need to go home.’ I went home and didn’t buy the medicine for my child. A humanitarian worker who monitors refugee protection for an international organization operating in the Bekaa told Human Rights Watch that starting the first week of August the Hermel municipality imposed a curfew for Syrian refugees from 8 p.m. to 7 a.m. every day. In the Bsharri district, in Lebanon’s northeast, the municipality imposed a curfew in August limiting the movement of Syrian refugees on motorcycles after 7 p.m., according to the aid worker. There have been differing reports about how municipal curfews have been enforced, although they appear to be typically enforced by local municipal police. Human Rights Watch interviewed nine municipal officials about their curfews, six of whom said they were enforced by municipal police or guards. In some cases however, as in Aley, it has been reported by the media that local vigilante groups, some of them armed, have been assembled to patrol the streets at night looking for Syrians out after the curfew. Residents of the Akkar district of Tikrit said a vigilante group had been assembled with the support of the municipal government to enforce the curfew and manage security in the town. Human Rights Watch spoke to a Syrian who accompanied his friend to the hospital after he was reportedly attacked by several Lebanese men in the town of Rawda, at approximately 10 p.m. on September 23. He told Human Rights Watch his friend was stopped by a group of men who told him he could not go out at night because he was a Syrian. He told Human Rights Watch that when his friend told them he was just going to the store to purchase a few things they stabbed him three times. Human Rights Watch could not speak with the victim directly because of the extent of his injuries. The Lebanese government should not ignore the development of militias that, even with the tacit support of local authorities, are outside any formal structure that would ensure they are acting in accordance with domestic and human rights law, Human Rights Watch said. Such vigilante groups should be disbanded and any support from local municipalities or other authorities to such groups should cease. “The last thing Lebanon needs is vigilante groups with arms walking the streets,” Houry said. “Real security comes at the hand of national institutions that ensure that the law is applied fairly to everyone, locals and Syrians alike.” Two Syrians who act as intermediaries between refugees and humanitarian organizations in Zgharta and Meryata described how curfews are enforced. They said that the police issue warnings to people who violate the curfews and that exceptions were made for people with advance permission who need to be out at night for work or emergencies. Five municipal officials also told Human Rights Watch that the municipality issues permits to workers who need to be out during the curfew for work. Some officials said curfew violators would be given a warning, or in other cases would be taken to the municipality for questioning. Rawad Shemsedeen, a council member for the municipality of Benih in Aley, that those who break the curfew there are given an initial warning, and are punished if they repeatedly break it; although he did not indicate what this punishment would entail. A report by NBC news said that Syrians who break curfew in the municipality of Ramhallah, in the Baabda district, are given warnings for the first two violations, but are detained for a few hours on the third or fourth. While local officials often defend restrictions on the freedom of movement for Syrian refugees as necessary security measures, their explanations often rely on stereotypes and contribute to a discriminatory climate, Human Rights Watch said. Human Rights Watch asked seven officials from different municipalities to provide specific examples or data that would reflect that security incidents in the town went down after the curfews were imposed. None of them did, even though four of them insisted that security had improved after a curfew was imposed. Four municipal officials Human Rights Watch interviewed said that the curfews were carried out without any coordination with or guidance from the national government. One wrongly claimed, “This [the curfew] has nothing to do with the government. It is within the power of the municipality to take security measures to protect its residents.” The curfews are also not being carried out under any law, as required by Lebanon’s international human rights obligations, and their implementation by municipalities appears to contravene Lebanese domestic law. In April 2013, Marwan Charbel, who was then the interior minister, was reported by al-Sharq al-Awsat as saying there was no legal basis for the curfews, and that local municipalities did not have the right to infringe on the authority of the state-wide security forces – whatever the conditions – including imposing local curfews. The Legal Agenda, a Beirut-based non-governmental non-profit organization, has also publicly denounced the curfews, calling them a form of collective punishment and a violation of human rights. The Norwegian Refugee Council also issued a fact sheet for lawyers about the curfews in July, finding that they had no basis in Lebanese law. Anyone lawfully present in a country has the right to freedom of movement within that country. This principle is enshrined in Article 13 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and Article 12 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which Lebanon has ratified.While countries may under certain circumstances restrict movement, such limits must be enacted in law and must be necessary “to protect national security, public order, public health, or morals, or the rights and freedoms of others.” Furthermore the restriction of movement must be proportionate, including in judging the areas it applies to, the time, the number of people affected, and the impact it has on their lives, in comparison with the aim achieved by the law. Lebanon has no such law, Human Rights Watch said. Restrictions on rights cannot be imposed on a discriminatory basis, including by nationality. This is a fundamental principle of human rights law that applies even during emergencies. The prohibition on discrimination means any difference in treatment on the grounds of nationality must be very strictly justified. It is extremely rare that singling out one nationality for detrimental treatment would be justifiable. While donor states should continue to generously support Lebanese government efforts to meet the needs of the Syrian refugee and local populations, they should examine whether any municipalities receiving their assistance are imposing unlawful and discriminatory restrictions on Syrian refugees and, if so, consider ending that assistance, Human Rights Watch said. “The Lebanese government needs to be sending municipalities and Lebanese citizens the message that vigilante justice is no justice,” Houry said. “Municipalities should cease imposing these curfews, which they have no authority to require, and end practices that feed into a climate of discrimination against and stereotyping of Syrians in Lebanon.”
|Tuesday, September 16, 2014||0persons||0persons||Restrictions on Residents [inc. curfews]|
|Authorities detained 13 during raids on refugee gatherings||Syrian Civilians/Refugees||
A mayor of a Metn town said in remarks published Saturday that authorities had detained 13 Syrians during a raid earlier this week on several buildings housing refugees. "In Dikwaneh, there are over 1,000 Syrians living in three separate buildings, which were raided and [security forces] arrested 13 suspects," Antoine Shakhtoura told Ash-Sharq al-Awsat. He said there were approximately 10,000 Syrians in the district. The mayor said the municipality had taken measures to control and monitor the presence of refugee, including imposing a curfew on them and monitoring Syrian refugee gathering locations. "We also patrol the streets at the night to arrest those who breach security,” he said, adding that this included common criminals and not necessarily terror suspects. "But 80 percent of Syrians in Dikwaneh are 23 years old at the most, and the majority are single with no families. Therefore, they are capable of carrying arms and fighting if there is a plan as such.” Security sources told The Daily Star Tuesday that the detainees possessed photos of Syrian battlefields stored in their cellphones. The raids were made in light of the last week’s clashes in Arsal, which pitted the Lebanese Army against militants from Syria, some of whom resided in informal refugee camps in the border region. The fighting raised concerns about refugee gatherings scattered across the country, particularly in the Metn region, the source said.
|Saturday, August 16, 2014||0persons||0persons||Arrest/Detention, Raid|
|Anti Narcotics Bureau arrests 4 people||Syrian Civilians/Refugees||
Four people were arrested on Friday in the area of Dekwaneh and Sed el-Boushrieh, after a gunfire exchange between a patrol of the Anti-Narcotics Bureau and Zouaitir family members and Syrian nationals.
|Friday, October 3, 2014||0persons||0persons||Arrest/Detention, Shooting|
|19 people of various Arab nationalities arrested in Dikwaneh, 10 Syrians in Fakra Club||Syrian Civilians/Refugees, Lebanese Armed Forces (LAF)||
A unit of the Lebanese army arrested 18 persons of various Arab nationalities during a raid on one of the buildings in the locality of Hay Balha in Dikwaneh, for their presence in Lebanon without legal papers, Army Command-Guidance Directorate said in a communiqué on Friday.
|Friday, September 26, 2014||0persons||0persons||Arrest/Detention, Raid|
|Heavy shelling over Baabda, Metn, Achrafieh and Keserouan||
January 1, 1985: Heavy shelling took place over Kfarshima, Hadath, Baabda, Hazmieh, Fayadieh, Yarzeh, Arayya, Sin al-Fil, Dekwaneh, Ashrafieh, Jdeideh, Broummana, Beit Mery, Mansourieh, Ajaltun, Ballouneh, Klayaat, Aley, and Khaldeh, killing an unknown number of people.
|Tuesday, January 1, 1985||0persons||0persons||Bombardment|
|Fighting resumes in North and Beirut||
Fighting resumed in Zahleh, Tripoli, and Zgharta, with heavy weaponry. Most Christians fled from Tripoli as well as the Christian villages in the Akkar, and they headed toward the Christian-populated region of Kesrouan, in the northern suburbs of Mount Lebanon. In parallel, tension was on the rise in the capital, paving the way for a resumption of violence. On September 13, 1975, the Dekwaneh-Tel al-Zaatar front in East Beirut flared up, and in the following days, clashes spread to front-line zones, namely Ain al-Remmaneh-Chiyah and—for the first time—downtown Beirut. Snipers, positioned at all the city’s main entry points, were shooting at children, women, and men. Some historians reported that scores of civilians were killed at crossroads, under the bridges, and especially in the areas separating Christian areas from Muslim ones.
|Saturday, September 13, 1975||Clashes/Armed Conflict, Murder, Shooting|
|Shelling of Tal el-Zaatar and additional neighborhood shootings||Palestinian Groups||
Shells that fell on Tel al-Zaatar in the eastern suburbs of Beirut injured six people and killed two children, according to Palestinian officials. Also, 13 civilians were wounded in separate incidents, which included Palestinian armed men storming into three residential apartments and shooting at passers-by. That same day, a Lebanese civilian was killed by sniper fire, and four other people were killed in crossfire in Dekwaneh and Fanar.
|Wednesday, May 21, 1975||7persons||19persons||Bombardment, Clashes/Armed Conflict, Shooting|
|Clashes between PLO and Kataeb near Tal el-Zaatar and Dekwaneh||Lebanese Kataeb Party, Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO)||
Clashes broke out between PLO fighters from the camps of Tel al-Zaatar and Jisr al-Basha and the Kataeb in the area of Dekwaneh. On the 20th, the clashes spread to other areas, now between Christian militias and Shi'a Lebanese supported by Palestinian fighters in the Shi'a-populated areas such as Chiyah and Nabaa.
|Sunday, May 18, 1975 to Tuesday, May 20, 1975||Clashes/Armed Conflict|
|Fighting broke out in several areas in Beirut||National Movement (NM), Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO), Lebanese Kataeb Party, National Liberal Party (NLP)||
Over the course of three days, Christian militias on one hand and Lebanese Leftist and Palestinian militias on the other clashed in various parts of the country.
In Beirut, fighting broke out in areas where there was some proximity between Christian-populated residential areas and Palestinian camps or Muslim-populated areas, which would later become regular conflict zones: Dekwaneh-Tel al-Zaatar, Ain al-Remmaneh, Chiyah, Haret Hreik, Mreijeh, Burj al-Barajneh, Karantina, Maslakh, and Ashrafieh. Weapons included rocket launchers, automatic rifles, and mortars of small caliber. Clashes also broke out in North Lebanon between Tripoli and Zgharta. In the Shuf, Palestinian commandos from the Barja region attacked two neighboring Christian villages (Ain al-Assad and Marj Barja), causing a temporary displacement of population toward the Christian-populated East Beirut. And in Saida a general strike was ongoing, with continuous explosions and gunfire.
During this time, according to newspaper reports, 300 people were killed, 1,500 buildings destroyed, and losses amounting to $200 million were reported by the Chamber of Commerce and Industry.
Mahmud Riad, the secretary general of the League of Arab States, landed in Beirut on April 14 and announced a ceasefire on April 16. The Kataeb, the PLO, the National Movement (NM), and the PNL agreed to retract their armed members from the streets. The Kataeb handed over two of the seven party members who were accused of the bus shooting. The ceasefire remained shaky, however, because various incidents of abductions, explosions, and clashes were still taking place across the country.
|Sunday, April 13, 1975 to Wednesday, April 16, 1975||300persons||Hostage Taking Situation [inc. attempt, release], Bombardment, Clashes/Armed Conflict, Explosion, Forced Displacement of Population, Shooting|