Papers
Title Author(s) Publishing Date Summary Keywords Dossier
De la Syrie au Liban : trajectoires migratoires et militantes de trois femmes palestiniennes Valentina Napolitano June, 2017

Cet article propose de retracer la trajectoire migratoire et militante de trois femmes palestiniennes de Syrie qui ont trouvé refuge au Liban en raison de l’actuel conflit. Outre le fait de reconstruire les étapes de la migration et de l’installation au Liban, cet article interroge plus particulièrement les effets hétérogènes du déplacement forcé sur les formes d’activisme entreprises par ces femmes qui, avant leur départ de Syrie, étaient impliquées à différents degrés dans des domaines tels que l’aide humanitaire et l’information. En se penchant sur des trajectoires de femmes, cet article souhaite en outre comprendre si le « genre » constitue ou pas une contrainte aux formes d’investissement de ces femmes réfugiées.

Activism & Engagement, Palestinian Refugees from Syria, Women's Participation, Gender, Post-conflict Reconstruction Gender Equity Network
« Hors du Hezb, point de salut ». Militer au féminin au sein du Hezbollah libanais. Erminia Chiara Calabrese May, 2017

Comment raconter l’histoire de ces femmes vivant dans la banlieue sud de Beyrouth, qui, à un certain moment de leur vie, ont décidé de s’engager au sein du Hezbollah ? Grâce des entretiens et observations menés à Beyrouth-Sud et à l’occasion de manifestations solennelles du parti depuis 2006, l’auteur se livre à une analyse sociohistorique de cet engagement, en s’intéressant tant aux modalités de la mobilisation qu’aux subjectivités qui ressortent de ce militantisme féminin. L'article analyse la pluralité des motivations, des parcours de vie et des types d’engagements, tout en reconstituant le système symbolique et quasi liturgique qui conditionne et entretient la mobilisation politique au sein de ce parti.

Hezbollah, Women's Movement, Gender Roles, Activism & Engagement, Political Parties Gender Equity Network
Politics of Care and Social Responses in the July 2006 War: a Special Focus on Local Faith-Based Organisations* Estella Carpi August, 2016

This paper examines the politics of care of international and local humanitarian actors, as well as the social responses to their intervention in the southern suburbs of Beirut (Dahiye) during the Israeli shelling in the summer of 2006. Through in-depth interviews and ethnographic participant observation methods (2011-2013), this paper illustrates how short-term foreign provision of aid differs from the continuous efforts of some local providers to support their communities on a daily basis, unearth different approaches to states of emergency and responses to crisis and demonstrate how the international-local dyad plays out in a very complex way on the ground.

Lebanon, Beirut's Southern Suburb, International Development, humanitarian aid, Aid Distribution, faith based NGOs Humanitarian Knowledge Base
De la pérennisation d'un statut précaire à la lutte pour la titularisation : un regard rétrospectif sur la mobilisation des journaliers de l'Électricité du Liban (EDL). Louis Mandarino June, 2016

Entre 2012 et 2015, les travailleurs journaliers de l’Électricité du Liban (EDL) entament ce qui sera considéré comme la plus longue mobilisation de l’histoire moderne du Liban. Leur mouvement éclate lorsque l’EDL annonce l’externalisation du secteur de la distribution à trois soumissionnaires privés. En rationnalisant les dépenses, ces derniers auraient licencié 70% de la force de travail journalière.  A partir de la description du quotidien du travail avant l’événement contestataire ainsi que des relations sociales, professionnelles et clientélistes qui le caractérisaient, cet article s’efforce de montrer que la mobilisation n’a pas été une réaction « spasmodique » au risque imminent de la perte d’emploi. En effet, les travailleurs percevaient le travail journalier comme un tremplin vers la titularisation. L’externalisation du secteur de la distribution ne mettait donc pas seulement en danger le travail « du jour d’après », mais faisait aussi disparaitre la perspective d’accéder à l’emploi stable « un jour ou l’autre » qui leur permettait de supporter au quotidien leur position subalterne.

Collective Action, Workers, Economic & Social Rights Socio-Economic Rights Base, Conflict Analysis Project
The Peaceful Settlement of Syrian Refugees in the Eastern suburbs of Beirut: Understanding the causes of social stability Marianne Madoré March, 2016

This article focuses on the densely populated municipality of Bourj Hammoud, where the proportion of registered Syrian refugees has reached a fifth of the local population without leading to any major violent episodes. Based on extensive ethnographic study, this article reveals how, combined, Bourj Hammoud’s residents’ specific religious or historical ties with Syrian refugees, lenient municipal regulation of refugees movement, and the abilities of the refugees to navigate the city, has allowed peace to prevail through out the city, despite its high number of refugees.

Syrian Refugees, Borj Hammoud, Peace & Security Conflict Analysis Project
Prisms of Political Violence, ‘Jihads’ and Survival in Lebanon’s Tripoli Estella Carpi December, 2015

This paper aims to question the mainstream linear processes according to which individual ordinary life is disrupted by engagement with Islamist armed groups. It is based on ten in-depth interviews conducted in the northern Lebanese city of Tripoli with Syrian and Lebanese ex-fighters, and with sympathisers of the so-called "Jihadi ideology" who never took up weapons. It shows the cyclic and changing nature of life choices and circumstances which influence Jihadist fighters and supporters.

Tripoli, Radicalization, Political Violence Conflict Analysis Project
Nahr al-Bared crisis and local responses of aid: a focus on needs assessment during emergencies Lamia Moghnieh October, 2015

This study describes the process and dynamics of aid during the Nahr al-Bared crisis in 2007. It seeks to explore how previous experiences of relief were capitalized on and used as part of routinized relief procedure in 2007. Based on several interviews conducted, the study provides a general description of the crisis, the problems and challenges faced and the local expertise and skills used during the crisis. The second section focuses specifically on the issue of needs assessment and information consolidation with the action of sharing playing a vital role in aid.

displaced Palestinians, Nahr El-Bared War, Palestinian Refugee Camps in Lebanon, refugees, Emergency relief The Nahr El-Bared War, Humanitarian Knowledge Base
Between Radicalization and Mediation Processes: a Political Mapping of Palestinian Refugee Camps in Lebanon* Nicolas Dot-Pouillard October, 2015

Palestinian refugee camps in Lebanon are often depicted as “no-law zones” that give rise to Salafist-Jihadist factions, and inter-related military networks between some Lebanese, Palestinian and Syrian groups. The Lebanese army and its intelligence apparatus are not in a totally antagonistic relationship with Palestinian actors and despite their divisions, Palestinian organizations, from Islamists to Nationalists and Leftists, cooperate with each other. This paper argues that an inter-Palestinian mediation process and a constant dialogue with Lebanese authorities are surely a precondition to face Salafist radicalization in Palestinian refugee camps in Lebanon.

Palestinian Refugee Camps in Lebanon, Palestinian Refugees, Radicalization Conflict Analysis Project, Palestinian Refugees in Lebanon
Jabal Mohsen : stratégies de privatisation et d’appropriation communautaire de l’espace public Marie Kortam August, 2015

Cet article interroge les dynamiques d’appropriation et de construction sociale de l’espace public à Tripoli, deuxième ville du Liban et siège de violences armées communautaires, et s'intéresse plus particulièrement à la construction de barrières spatiales entre les quartiers de Jabal Mohsen et de Bab el-Tebbaneh.

Public Space, Tripoli, Bab al-Tebbaneh, Borders, Privatisation, Armed conflict Conflict Analysis Project
Relief as a neutral form of aid or a political-communal mobilization? Doing politics in emergencies and war and the politics of aid in Lebanon Lamia Moghnieh August, 2015

Drawing on the experiences of several activists, experts, and individuals involved in the provision of aid and relief during and after the 2006 July war on Lebanon, this case study explores the issues of neutrality and local commitment in providing assistance during war and conflict, looking into the humanitarian principle of neutrality, and localized and communal mobilizations for relief.

July 2006 War, Humanitarian & Emergency Operations, International humanitarian community The July, 2006 Israeli War on Lebanon, Humanitarian Knowledge Base

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