Conflict Analysis Project

Still Looking for Safety: Voices of refugees from Syria on solutions for the present and future

Based on the findings of participatory protection research that Oxfam undertook with refugees in Lebanon between late 2016 and early 2017, this paper explores refugees’ own definitions and conceptions of safety, and highlights refugee perspectives on how the international community and the Government of Lebanon can help them to obtain the safety they are looking for in the present and in the future.

The Roadmap to Reconciliation in Tripoli: Creating an Inclusive Process for Launching a Communal Reconciliation in Tripoli

The “Roadmap to Reconciliation in Tripoli,” (RRT) project is a grassroots initiative that aims at launching a transitional justice route through understanding the public perceptions in Tripoli about reconciliation as well as people’s readiness and willingness to engage in a communal reconciliation process once launched.

From Tension to Violence: Understanding and Preventing Violence between Refugees and Host Communities in Lebanon

The Governance and Community Action Programme (GCAP) aims to empower vulnerable municipalities and communities to mitigate conflict caused by resource tensions exacerbated by the Syrian refugee crisis. GCAP targets municipalities in the region of Miniyeh-Dannieh in North Lebanon as it is one of the most deprived localities, with a high ratio of Syrian refugees per Lebanese residents. Three of the six target municipalities have ratios over the national average of 33% Syrians, with Aassoun being the highest where half of the population is Syrian.

Justice for Stability: Addressing the impact of mass displacement on Lebanon’s justice system

This policy brief outlines options for strengthening rule of law in Lebanon to improve access to justice for both Lebanese citizens and Syrian refugees. It discusses stopgap measures for the temporary stay of Syrian refugees in the country and highlights opportunities for long-term reform of the justice system. The brief provides recommendations to key actors on actions to reduce the unsustainable pressure on the Lebanese justice system and to ensure protection of the displaced population.

Hizbollah’s Syria Conundrum

When Hizbollah – the Lebanese “Party of God” – threw its fighters into Syria in 2013, it sought primarily to save itself. Had the Assad regime collapsed or been defeated by U.S.-backed regional powers, it could have faced a hostile Sunni successor in Damascus and lost its essential arms channel from Iran. Today, its core objective of preserving the regime has been met, but there is no end in sight to the war.

The Burden of Scarce Opportunities: The Social Stability Context in Central and West Bekaa

This report introduces the conflict context in the Central Bekaa region. The area is of geostrategic importance as it contains the main border crossing to Syria and the Damascus highway, the international route from Beirut to Damascus. It is also home to around a quarter of all Syrian refugees in Lebanon. The area which once lived off services and trade through the border crossing and the Highway, agriculture, and agro-food industries, has been hit hard by the Syrian crisis and is burdened by the sharp decrease in economic opportunities and the doubling of its population.

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