Environment & Ecology

Arab Region Process in Sustainable Energy: Global Tracking Framework Regional Report

The Arab region lacks sustainable natural resource management, mostly in the areas of energy efficiency and its overwhelming reliance on fossil fuels for virtually all its energy needs. War, political instability, and consequent displacement and migration, particularly in low- and lower-middle-income countries, further accelerate pressure on urban living space and resources. Sustainable-energy development is not a priority that is more relevant to any one Arab country rather than another, nor a choice between high growth and low growth.

Lebanon Rapid Environmental Assessment for Greening Recovery, Reconstruction & Reform 2006

The objectives of this assessment are to identify and prioritize environmental impacts caused by the July 2006 war, to propose measures to alleviate those impacts rated as significant, and to recommend opportunities for greening the recovery, reconstruction, and reform process to the extent possible. The report also aims at providing decision makers with a series of practical and integrated action plans to rebuild and restore damaged areas in an environmentally sound manners.

The National Wind Atlas of Lebanon

UNDP, through the CEDRO project, and the Ministry of Energy & Water published the first version of the "National Wind Atlas of Lebanon" which will create a growing momentum in Lebanon towards strengthening and developing the renewable energy sector in the country. This study shows a promising potential for wind energy in Lebanon reaching high levels of generation capacity.

Lebanon’s Second National Communication to the UNFCCC

The report provides an overview of Lebanon’s greenhouse gas emissions per sector, and analyses the impacts of the country’s projected climatic changes on several economic, social and environmental sectors. Furthermore, the report provides a list of possible mitigation and adaptation measures that can help Lebanon reduce its emissions and adapt to the adverse effects of climate change.

Compendium Statistique National sur les Statistiques de l’Environnement au Liban 2006

Dans le cadre du Projet MEDSTAT Environnement, l’Administration Centrale de la Statistique (ACS) – le point focal des statistiques en général et des statistiques environnementales en particulier – élabore le présent compendium. L’objectif consiste à créer un système d’information statistique sur l’environnement au sein de l’ACS. La rédaction de ce document se fait dans une optique de développement durable tout en se basant sur des références internationales et nationales.

The Environmental, Social, and Health Dimensions of Urban Expansion

In the coming decades, the world’s rapid urbanization will be one of the greatest challenges to ensuring human welfare and a viable global environment. According to current estimates, cities occupy 4% or less of the world’s terrestrial surface, yet they are home to almost half the global population, consume close to three-quarters of the world’s natural resources, and generate three-quarters of its pollution and wastes.

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