Guidelines for contributors

The more care an author exerts in preparing a work, the less it will be subject to corrections and interventions from copy-editors and reviewers in Lebanon Support.


  • Papers and articles can be submitted in Arabic, French or English. For the articles submitted in English, the style (British or American) can be chosen by the author but needs to be consistent throughout the paper.
  • A short biography (150 words maximum) with the affiliation of the author, his latest publications, and ongoing research (if applicable) and his email (optional) address should be included.

Title and abstract:

  • The title should be descriptive and as short as possible. The abstract (no more than 150 words) should include the research problem investigated, the method used, the main findings and conclusions. The abstract should summarise and not introduce the paper. The paper should include 5 to 6 key words.


  • Articles should not exceed 5 pages. Papers should not exceed 15 pages in length. Papers should be typed in Times New Roman font size 12 for the main body, and size 10 for footnotes. Single spacing should be used for the whole document, and paragraphs should be separated by an extra space.
  • Quotations from other authors should be inserted between double quotation ("...") marks. In case a quotation is used within a quotation, double quotation marks should be used for the general quotation, and single quotation marks for the quotation within the quotation. For example, "Lebanon Support's data revealed 'fragmented colloboration between CSO actors' in Lebanon."
  • In case a quotation's length exceeds 4 sentences, the quote should be indented on the left.
  • Words in a foreign language and transliterations must be in italic. Titles and headings must be in bold. Nothing should be underlined. 
  • Acronyms should be spelled out the first time they are used in the paper, with the acronym between parethenses.
  • Dates should appear as day month year: 18 January 2016. If only the month is available, the format would be: January 2016. 
  • Authors are responsible for the consistency and accuracy of their transliterations. Transliteration should be kept simple. Names of people and places that appear in common writen format will be spelled out in accordance with the common spelling. 
  • Formatting for numbers, currencies, percentages (symbol or spelled out) should be consistent throughout.
  • Punctuation should be placed inside quotation marks and footnotes should be placed on the outside of quotations or punctuation, as so: "The movement called for greater transparency."

 Editorial procedure:

  • All abstracts and papers are subject to a double blind review. 
  • Authors should be mindful that acceptance of an abstract proposal does not constitute a guarantee to publish the full paper. Hence, only accepted papers will be published by Lebanon Support.  
  • Lebanon Support does not publish previously published material, except if it’s a translated version. 
  • Lebanon Support aims to inform potential contributors of its decision about their submission within 2 months of receiving it. 
  • Decisions by the editor/s are final. 
  • Once accepted, it can take up to 5 months for an article to be published, the author must agree to undertake any necessary revisions and to deliver a final copy to the editor by a mutually agreed date. 
  • The editors reserve the right to edit the texts received. Substantial changes will be made in consultation with the author. 
  • All articles accepted for publication will be sent to the author at proof stage. 
  • Authors are expected to correct page proofs, they must be returned to the editor within ten days of receipt.  No substantial in-depth changes can be made at proof stage; typographic errors must be corrected.


In terms of referencing, the paper should include footnotes, and not endnotes. Those should follow the guidelines detailed below.

bibliography should be included at the end of the paper; it should also follow the same guidelines as for the footnotes.

Note: Please follow the punctuation format of the example below each section, punctuation is inside quotation marks.

Newspaper Articles:

  • Name of author (when possible)
  • Title of the article in quotation marks
  • Title of the newspaper in italics
  • Date of publication (e.g. 19 October 2015)
  • Web link and date of last access

Elisabetta Povoledo, “6.2-Magnitude Earthquake Rattles Italy, Killing Dozens,” The New York Times, 24 August 2016, available at: [last accessed 24 August 2016].


  • Name of author (person or organization)
  • Title of the report in quotation marks
  • Note: If the report is part of a larger work, include the name of the larger work in italics following the title
  • Location of publication
  • Publisher
  • Year of publication
  • Page number(s)
  • Web link and date of last access

Amnesty International, “Agonizing Choices: Syrian Refugees in Need of Healthcare in Lebanon,” London, Amnesty International Ltd, 2014, p.8, available at:  [last accessed 3 August 2016].

Lebanon Support, “The Conflict Context in Beirut: the Social Question, Mobilisation Cycles, and the City’s Securitisation,” Civil Society Knowledge Centre, 2015, p.12, available at: [last accessed 4 August 2016].

Journal Articles or Chapters in Edited Books:

  • Name of author
  • Title of the article or chapter in quotation marks
  • Name of the authors of the edited book (if applicable)
  • Title of the edited book or journal in italics
  • Place of publication
  • Publisher
  • Year of publication
  •  Page number(s)
  • Web link and date of last access (if online)

Philip Alston, “The ‘Not-a-Cat’ Syndrome: Can the International Human Rights Regime Accommodate Non-State Actors?”,  in Philip Alston (ed.),  Non-State Actors and Human Rights 3, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2005, p. 3-36.


  • Name of author
  • Name of editor(s)
  • Title of book in italics
  • Place of publication
  • Publisher
  • Year of publication
  • Page number(s)

Mounia Bennani-Chraïbi, Soumis et rebelles : les jeunes au Maroc, Paris, CNRS Editions, 1994.

Blog Post / Website:

  • Name of author
  • Blog post title in quotation marks / Website's page
  • Blog type (website, podcast, video blog) / NA for websites
  • Blog/website title in italics
  • Date of publication
  • Web link and date of last access

Joey Ayoub, “English-Arabic Gender dictionary now available online,” Website, Hummus For Thought, 7 March 2016, available at: [last accessed 25 August 2016].


  • Name of author
  • Twitter handle in parenthesis
  • Full text of tweet in quotation marks
  • Date and time
  • Source type (Tweet)
  • Web link and date of last access
  • Please provide a screenshot of the tweet

Lebanon Support (LebanonSupport), “#Child #labour is also on the rise under these new policies part of the #illegality & #informality developing in the sector #SyrianRefugees,” 28 July 2016, 8:26 a.m., Tweet, available at: [last accessed 25 August 2016].

Facebook Post:

  • Name of author
  • Title of the post in quotation marks (if available, e.g. name of photo album, etc.)
  • Source type (Facebook photo album, status update, etc.)
  • Date of post
  • Web link and date of last access
  • Please provide a screenshot of the post

You Stink Protest London, “21-09-2015 Solidarity stand in London with #lebanon”, Facebook photo album, 20 September 2015, available at: [last accessed 8 September 2016].


  • Name of interviewer
  • Name of interviewee (if they agreed to be disclosed)
  • Identifying characteristics of interviewee
  • Method of communication if not in person (personal, phone, email, etc.)
  • Location (if interview took place person)
  • Date

Interview by the author with a resident and former fighter of Bab al-Tabbaneh, Tripoli, 12 September 2015.

How to repeatedly use the same citation in a text when the citations are not consecutive:

  • Name of author
  • op.cit.
  • Year published
  • Page number

 Lebanon Support, op.cit., 2016, p.32.

When an author is cited more than once for reports in the same year:
(i.e. Two Lebanon Support Publications, both published in 2016)

  • Author
  • “Title”
  • Op.cit.
  • Page number

Lebanon Support,  “Formal Informality, Brokering Mechanisms, and Illegality,” op.cit., p. 12.

When 2 non-consecutive pages are cited, separate with a comma:

Melki, op.cit., 2000, p.196, 199.