Migration, Mobility and Circulation

The Repercussions of the Syrian Refugee Crisis on Lebanon: The Challenges of Providing Services and Creating Jobs

The Syrian conflict has seriously destabilized Lebanon; the scale of the refugee influx has proven immensely difficult for both host communities and local authorities to cope with. Severe socio-economic implications of the influx are being observed primarily at the job market level, causing heightened competition between refugee and host communities. To counter these challenges, LCPS argues, Lebanon must move away from an emergency/relief-oriented response to a developmental approach that considers the implications of the Syrian refugee crisis in the long-term.

Converging Interests of Conciliation: The Social Stability Context in the Marjaayoun and Hasbaya Qazas

This report summarizes the conflict context of the Hasbaya and Marjaayoun Qazas of the Nabatieh Governorate, a religiously and politically diverse area which has for decades been at the forefront of regional dynamics and conflicts.A long history of coexistence between diverse key actors,  as well as economic and geostrategic interdependence, national level political will and existing local networks of communications, is maintaining the region’s stability and safeguarding it from being drawn into the adjacent battles of the Syrian crisis.

The Syrian Crisis and its Impact on Lebanon: A Conflict Analysis

Norwegian Church Aid (NCA) with its partner International Orthodox Christian Charities (IOCC) has been providing assistance to Syrian refugees in Lebanon and host communities since January 2014. In light of the size of influx of refugees from Syria to Lebanon NCA found it important to conduct a conflict analysis of the Syrian refugee crisis, the humanitarian interventions, the related transfer of resources and its impact on the Lebanon and the Lebanese host communities – especially those being targeted by NCA programmes.

Dialogue and Local Response: Mechanisms to Conflict Between Host Communities and Syrian Refugees in Lebanon

During the current conflict in Syria, Lebanon has borne the brunt of a severe refugee crisis. As the conflict in Syria rages and takes on new dimensions the number of Syrian refugees flowing into Lebanon continues to rise. In response to the rising levels of tensions, SFCG conducted a conflict scan of 11 host communities in rural South Lebanon as well as Tripoli.

Resilience in the Face of Crisis: Rooting Resilience in the Realities of the Lebanese Experience

Since 2011, Lebanon has seen a huge influx of refugees fleeing the violence in Syria and currently hosts the biggest number of Syrian refugees in the world. Faced with waves of violence, insecurity and instability, Lebanese communities have found ways of adapting and developed coping mechanisms to deal with worsening conditions. This adaptability has often been called ‘resilience’.

Lebanese Communities Hosting Syrian Refugees

REACH undertook an assessment of host community needs in Akkar Governorate, one of Lebanon’s most underdeveloped regions. With approximately one-third of the population of Akkar consisting of refugees, there has been a need to understand the pressures caused by large concentrations of displaced persons in one of Lebanon’s poorest regions. The following paper aims to provide information on the challenges this community faces and potential interventions that might support them. Results indicate that livelihoods in Akkar have been affected greatly.

Social Cohesion and Intergroup Relations: Syrian Refugees and Lebanese Nationals in the Bekaa and Akkar

This report focuses on Save the Children’s Casual Labour Initiative (CLI) and its impact on intercommunity social cohesion. It aims to 1) evaluate the CLI project design and implementation, assess its impact on intercommunity perceptions and 2) assess social cohesion in Akkar and the Bekaa, in the locations that benefited from the CLI. It examines an array of socio-political indicators of emerging conflict, including; threat perceptions, contact quantity and quality, readiness for violence) and identified locations of potential concern (mapping).

Better Together: The Impact Of The Schooling System Of Lebanese And Syrian Displaced Pupils On Social Stability

This paper presents the findings from a case study research comparing the impact on social cohesion of segregated and mixed schooling systems of Lebanese and Syrian refugee students. Based on qualitative research with students, their families and teachers, the paper argues that perceptions and relationships between students in mixed classes improve over time. Though this change bears little impact on relationships beyond the school or the attitudes and relationships of family and community members, it does equip students with the ability to counter prevailing prejudice.

Formal Informality, Brokering Mechanisms, and Illegality. The Impact of the Lebanese State’s Policies on Syrian Refugees’ Daily Lives.

This report seeks to provide an overview of Lebanon’s current policy towards Syrian refugees, and to explore the new rules and regulations issued by General Security regarding the entry, residency, and departure of Syrian nationals. It also analyses the challenges pertaining to the current policy and its impact on the daily lives of Syrian refugees, with a special focus on their emerging illegality, their struggle for decent livelihood and working conditions, and increased informality and insecurity.

Crisis & Control, (In)Formal Hybrid Security in Lebanon

This report aims to analyse how formal and informal security providers implement their respective social order agendas through a security “assemblage”. It also aims to inform the debate on refugee protection and security provision in urban settings, in the context of Lebanon’s hybrid security system. The accounts collected illustrate how state security institutions tacitly accept – or even rely on – informal security actors, managing at times to achieve their political and strategic goals through decentralised and/or illegal forms of control.

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