In most Arab countries, family matters including Domestic Violence continue to be handled by religious courts as civil legislation does not criminalise acts of violence within the family. In Lebanon, a law to this effect has been debated within a parliamentary committee since 2010. It is strongly opposed as it conflicts with much current legislation based on tradition. For example, article 503 defines rape as a forcible sexual act committed against someone other than a spouse.
Migrant Domestic Workers
"في كل لقاءٍ أجريناه مع مختلف الجاليات، أردت التأكد من أننا نشدّد على فكرة التضامن. لم نعد الآن نقول: الفيليبين وسريلانكا وأثيوبيا وبنغلادش. أصبحنا نقول نقابيات. نحن النساء العاملات. نحن لا نذكر الجاليات، بل نبرز النساء العاملات معاً. هكذا توصلنا إلى [...] نقابة. أنا أنتزع دائماً بطاقتي النقابية وأرفعها بيدي وأسأل: من لديه هذه؟ رداً على ذلك، تلوّح العضوات ببطاقاتهن. فأقول: لقد أصبحت لديكن هذه البطاقة الآن، وفي حال نظرت إحداهن إليكنّ هنا بطرقٍ مغايرة، عليكنّ القول: هيه! أنا واحدة منكن! هذا ما أبرزه دائماً.
This issue of Tatimma focuses on the question of civil rights and liberties in Lebanon. Whilst it is usually considered that civil freedoms in Lebanon are light-years ahead of other Arab countries. Yet this state of liberties appears to be more a facade for a discriminatory system which limits the liberties of Lebanese citizens, specifically Lebanese women, refugees, foreign workers to name a few.
While women’s issues and rights have been at the forefront of public and civil society debate, academic, and activist publications, women’s inequalities and the discrimination women face in Lebanon have been notably undermined, whether as citizens, refugees, or migrants. However, if the publicising of the “issue of women in Lebanon” has prompted the production of more “gender-related” information and knowledge, it has oftentimes adopted the rhetoric of denunciation and victimisation.
This paper is inspired by examples of domestic workers organizing themselves in different parts of the world through social and solidarity economy enterprises and organizations which have become more evident since the advent of the ILO Domestic Workers Convention 2011, (No.189). It analyses current legislative and policy frameworks, institutional structures and membership-based initiatives that could allow and promote domestic workers’ social and solidarity economy enterprises and organizations in three countries in the Middle East; Jordan, Kuwait and Lebanon.
This study aims to shed light on the industry that profits from the recruitment of women from South Asian countries into domestic work employment in the Middle East, with a particular focus on Bangladesh, Jordan and Lebanon. It analyses the ‘business model’ utilised by labour recruiters to generate income and profit and to minimize risk and loss. In the case of international recruitment, in order to profit, recruiters must devise competitive strategies to generate income greater than the costs of finding, selecting, processing and mobilising people into jobs.
This study, prepared by Dr. Ray Jureidini, identifies practices and patterns that are the key causes for women domestic migrant workers' vulnerability in Bahrain and provide alternative approaches for effective means for action. The research compiled base line data and had the aim of bringing policy makers and all other concerned actors into dialogue in finding solutions through practical means to improve protection and enhance working conditions for women migrant domestic workers. This study identifies and assesses legal and administrative arrangements in hiring domestic workers.
This paper aims to analyse the actual and potential impact of the global crisis on international migrant workers through a focus on four issue-areas.
This report was presented at the International Labour Conference, 99th Session, 2010. It was intended to facilitate the discussion of domestic work at the Conference and consists of ten chapters, each of which covers issues pertaining to the topic of domestic work.
On December 9, 2009, a Lebanese criminal court sentenced a Lebanese woman to 15 days in jail for repeatedly beating Jonalin Malibago, her Filipina maid, three years earlier. Lebanese newspapers hailed the case a landmark victory for the country’s estimated 200,000 migrant domestic workers (MDWs), many of whom report abuse at the hands of their employers. The case illustrated the positive role that the judiciary can play in protecting MDWs, even though the sentence was lenient given the violation.