History of Conflicts and Political Violence

Tatimma Issue 3

Conflicts, abuses, repression, and human rights violations always leave a bitter taste when proper mourning to achieve personal or communal healing is cutoff by indifference, and politics of amnesia.

International law clearly recognises the right of victims and survivors to know about the circumstances of serious violations of their human rights and about who was responsible for their suffering.

The Power of Remembrance: Political parties, memory and learning about the past in Lebanon

This report investigates the use of memory by political parties in Lebanon in the political and educational domains.

The study was carried out in collaboration with forumZFD Lebanon and conducted in the framework of the programm area "Dealing with the Past". In the course of the research process Dr. Mara Albrecht and Dr. Basel Akar interviewed politicans of seven political parties, namely the Free Patriotic Movement (FPM), Hezbollah, Future Movement (FM), Lebanese Kataeb Party, Lebanese Forces (LF), Progressive Socialist Party (PSP) and Syrian Social Nationalist Part (SSNP).

Confronting the Legacy of Political Violence in Lebanon: An Agenda for Change

The recommendations contained in this report have been developed by a consortium of civil society actors. They constitute a set of practical political and social reforms specifically designed to address the legacy of the 1975–1990 war in Lebanon and the resulting ongoing cycle of political violence. These recommendations are driven by two main objectives: 1) to curb Lebanon’s ongoing vulnerability to political violence and 2) to introduce some measure of civic trust in state institutions.

How People Talk About the Lebanon Wars

This report presents qualitative data collected by ICTJ on how individuals in Greater Beirut talk about the Lebanon wars and the need for truth, justice, and an end to violence in their country. For the study, 15 focus group discussions were held in 5 neighborhoods in Greater Beirut, to capture the views of a broad cross-section of residents: young and old, men and women, members of the main confessional groups, Palestinians, and victims of direct and indirect violence.

Lebanon’s Legacy of Political Violence: A Mapping of Serious Violations of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law in Lebanon, 1975-2008

This report compiles information on hundreds of incidents of serious human rights violations that occurred in Lebanon from 1975 to 2008, including mass killings, enforced disappearances, assassinations, forced displacement, and the shelling of civilian areas. It reveals patterns of violence and provides an analysis of incidents within the framework of international human rights and humanitarian law. While not an exhaustive mapping, the report is intended to serve as a key resource on which future research and investigative work can be built.

Failing to Deal with the Past: What Cost to Lebanon?

This report examines the situation of impunity in Lebanon that has persisted since the 1975-1990 war through the lenses of core elements of transitional justice. It analyzes Lebanon’s past experience of ineffective transitional justice measures -- including limited domestic trials, narrowly mandated commissions of inquiry, and incomplete remedies for victims -- and their impact on Lebanese society. The report derives lessons that could help to initiate a broader accountability process in Lebanon in the interest of long-term peace and security.

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