This report aims to evaluate current accountability options by looking at the feasibility and potential impacts of each option. Analysis of the existing options helps shed light on whether it may be advisable to pursue justice while the conflict is ongoing and, if so, which methods are best suited for the current situation. By evaluating the positive and negative impacts as well as the practical and ethical concerns that could arise, this report aims to better inform the international community’s role in justice and accountability for Syria.
This document is an adaption of a speech delivered on May 12, 2015 at the launch of a report by the Syrian Justice and Accountability Center (SJAC) entitled ”A Step Towards Justice: Current Accountability Options for Crimes under International Law Committed in Syria.” The report discusses current accountability options for addressing crimes being perpetrated in Syria, examining the feasibility and potential impact of each option. This document outlines lessons learned from the field of international justice for accountability for crimes being committed in Syria.
This report presents qualitative data collected by ICTJ on how individuals in Greater Beirut talk about the Lebanon wars and the need for truth, justice, and an end to violence in their country. For the study, 15 focus group discussions were held in 5 neighborhoods in Greater Beirut, to capture the views of a broad cross-section of residents: young and old, men and women, members of the main confessional groups, Palestinians, and victims of direct and indirect violence.
This report examines the situation of impunity in Lebanon that has persisted since the 1975-1990 war through the lenses of core elements of transitional justice. It analyzes Lebanon’s past experience of ineffective transitional justice measures -- including limited domestic trials, narrowly mandated commissions of inquiry, and incomplete remedies for victims -- and their impact on Lebanese society. The report derives lessons that could help to initiate a broader accountability process in Lebanon in the interest of long-term peace and security.
The Sphere Project was initiated in 1997 by a group of NGOs and the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement to develop a set of universal minimum standards in core areas of humanitarian response: the Sphere Handbook. The aim of the Handbook is to improve the quality of humanitarian response in situations of disaster and conflict, and to enhance the accountability of the humanitarian system to disaster-affected people. The Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Humanitarian Response are the product of the collective experience of many people and agencies.
Accountability has many meanings. Traditionally, it was understood as the was in which those who authorised others to act on their behalf made sure that authority was being used as agreed. Accountability is now more often understood to also be a right of anyone affected by the use of authority. this recent meaning of accountability is the foundation for the HAP Standard. For the purpose of the HAP Standard, accountability is the means through which power is used responsibly.
The Sphere Project is an attempt by the operational agencies of the international humanitarian community to define common standards for the provision of assistance in a spirit of quality and accountability. But Sphere is not just a manual of humanitarian good practice. It is a statement about rights and duties and about the implications of the ‘right to life with dignity’ and a ‘right to humanitarian assistance’ for humanitarian practice. It is these aspects of rights and duties that are covered by the Humanitarian Charter.
This paper examines the situation of impunity in Lebanon that has persisted since the 1975–1990 war. It highlights the price of the Lebanese authorities’ failure to address the legacy of past conflict.