As the Syrian crisis enters the fourth year, there is a timely need to reflect on the wider implications on Lebanon. The influx of over a million and half Syrian refugees has brought a total of 400,000 school-age refugees to Lebanon. This dramatic demographic shift poses a formidable challenge to an education system suited to deliver education to a national student population of just over 900,000. To date, the Lebanese Ministry of Education and Higher Education (MEHE), which only host 30% of the student population in Lebanon, has shouldered the burden of education service delivery with support from the international community and UN agencies. However, public sector limitations point to its inability to accommodate the total number of Syrian refugee students, and warrants further exploration of the role for NGOs and the private sector.
This study thus examines access and quality of education for Syrian refugees enrolled in both the private and NGO sectors through case studies of 13 schools and NGOs with education programmes. It lays out the varying types and quality of non-formal education offered to refugees, and develops targeted intervention recommendations and advocacy strategies to significantly improve the education of refugees.