The purpose of this policy brief is to inform policy formulation on local level security provision and refugee protection, and to propose modalities for upgrading the sys- tems of the Lebanese security institutions in a way that strengthens protection of the Lebanese communities and the Syrian refugees they host.
This report aims to analyse how formal and informal security providers implement their respective social order agendas through a security “assemblage”. It also aims to inform the debate on refugee protection and security provision in urban settings, in the context of Lebanon’s hybrid security system. The accounts collected illustrate how state security institutions tacitly accept – or even rely on – informal security actors, managing at times to achieve their political and strategic goals through decentralised and/or illegal forms of control.
Eastern Christians: between the Western imaginary and a diverse reality
This paper draws on Oxfam research among refugees and host communities in Lebanon in 2015 and aims to contribute to an urgent discussion of both interim and longer term solutions to address protection issues, living conditions, access to services and reduced aid dependency for refugees; along with stronger social protection, access to services and greater employment opportunities for poor and vulnerable Lebanese.
The present report analyses the impact of the Syrian conflict and refugee crisis on Lebanon and Lebanese host communities. This brief analysis presents the main conflict issues and trends, and the network of interaction between local and national level conflict dynamics. It provides an overview of key actors relevant to addressing intercommunal conflict and draws some programming implications, for both conflict sensitivity of current programming and further opportunities for conflict transformation.
* This paper, commissioned by Lebanon Support, is also a result of research done in the framework and with the support of the European Research Council (ERC) Program, “When authoritarianism fails in the Arab world (Wafaw)”. Its content is the sole responsibility of its author, and does not necessary represents the official view of the European Research Council.
This Conflict Analysis Digest is composed of:
I. Current conflict trends
1- Overview of mapped conflict incidents in Lebanon, with the villages where most incidents are mapped for each classification. (Between 1 July 2014 and 28 June 2015)
2- Mapped air strikes/ armed conflicts and violations classified as Syrian Border Conflicts. (Between 1 July 2014 and 28 June 2015)
3- Overview of mapped conflict incidents in the Matn.
II. Brief thematic report
There are over a million registered Syrian refugees in Lebanon, and unofficial estimates place the total number of Syrians dispersed around the country at over two million.