Economic Development

Assessing civil society initiatives in the field of economic and social rights

The second report is an evaluation of civil society initiatives on economic and social rights, including a series of civil society initiatives focusing on multinational companies, free trade agreements, the right to decent work, the right to form trade unions, the right to an adequate standard of living, including access to housing, water and a clean environment.

Women and Economic Power in Lebanon: The legal framework and challenges to women's economic empowerment

This paper seeks to explain why women remain marginal in the Lebanese economy. It conducts a thorough review of literature to shed light on the economic, social and legal context to identify barriers to their full participation. The paper finds that social, economic, and legal institutions stand in the way of women’s economic empowerment by perpetuating inequality between men and women on the one hand and discriminating against women on the other.

Towards Formality: Promoting the Rights of Women and Men Workers in Arab Countries

This paper applies a gender equality and workers’ rights perspective to the study of informal employment in the Arab region. It highlights key outcomes of a joint regional initiative of the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the Centre of Arab Women for Training and Research (CAWTAR) on “Gender Equality and Workers’ Rights in the Informal Economies of Arab States”. It summarizes insights on the nature of employment in the informal economies of the region. The paper looks at informality of employment as a deficit in social and economic rights.

Gender equality at the heart of decent work

This report has three aims: reviewing the ILO’s progress in assisting constituents to achieve gender equality in the world of work; highlighting its current efforts to implement International Labour Conference (ILC) resolutions and Governing Body decisions on promoting gender equality and mainstreaming it in the Decent Work Agenda; and providing background for constituents to chart a strategic course for future work. The report makes the case for scaling up measures to eliminate sex discrimination in the world of work and highlights ILO interventions in all regions.

Lebanon Emergency Market Mapping and Analysis (EMMA)

The EMMA assessment approach focuses analysis on specific on key critical market systems in the North and Bekaa governorates of Lebanon. In this assessment, the EMMA focused on three particular markets critical for refugee and Lebanese host communities as sources of income, namely construction labor, agricultural labor, and service-sector (hospitality and restaurant) labor. The assessment of each labour market was guided by 3 main analytical questions: 1) What is the capacity of each labor market system to absorb additional workers (from the host or refugee population)?

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