This report provides an analysis of the current political, social and economic dynamics in Tripoli, Lebanon. The analysis begins with a brief overview of Tripoli’s history in the 20th century and the state’s securitisation efforts to contextualise the current social and political landscape. The report particularly focuses on how state policy towards the city, along with Tripoli’s special historical relationship with Syria, has contributed to ongoing armed conflict, economic stagnation, poverty and political fragmentation in Tripoli.
This paper discusses the risk of a renewed civil strife in Lebanon as a result of the Syrian Crisis. It argues that the security situation inside Lebanon could deteriorate due to three interrelated spillover effects stemming from Syria’s ongoing civil war. These are; growing sectarian violence, a rising influx of refugees and the increasing paralysis of state institutions.
Norwegian Church Aid (NCA) with its partner International Orthodox Christian Charities (IOCC) has been providing assistance to Syrian refugees in Lebanon and host communities since January 2014. In light of the size of influx of refugees from Syria to Lebanon NCA found it important to conduct a conflict analysis of the Syrian refugee crisis, the humanitarian interventions, the related transfer of resources and its impact on the Lebanon and the Lebanese host communities – especially those being targeted by NCA programmes.
This report examines variations in wartime experiences and the attitudes of residents in Greater Beirut regarding measures to confront Lebanon’s legacy of political violence. It documents how members of different segments of Lebanese society perceive and talk about issues relating to truth and memory, justice and accountability, reconciliation, and social repair. The study is based on 15 focus group discussions held in different neighbourhoods in Greater Beirut in 2013.
This second Accord Insight looks at how local actors organise to enter into dialogue with armed groups and challenge their use of violence. Case studies from Syria, Colombia, northern Uganda and Northern Ireland document the experiences of communities who choose to reach out to armed groups - often in advance of more formal negotiations and in situations of intense violence and embedded conflict - exploring why and how they interact and the challenges involved.
The conflict in Syria is forging new forms of territorial control, and a political economy that is not unlike the patronage system that was previously fostered by the ruling Ba’ath party. As a result of the extended war efforts and the need for revenues to fund them, the national economy is now deeply affected by illicit activities such as trade in antiquities, oil and drugs, as well as smuggling, kidnapping, looting and extrajudicial land expropriations. Warlords and armed groups such as the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS) and Jabhat al-Nusra must fund their military campaigns.
This report aims to evaluate current accountability options by looking at the feasibility and potential impacts of each option. Analysis of the existing options helps shed light on whether it may be advisable to pursue justice while the conflict is ongoing and, if so, which methods are best suited for the current situation. By evaluating the positive and negative impacts as well as the practical and ethical concerns that could arise, this report aims to better inform the international community’s role in justice and accountability for Syria.
This document is an adaption of a speech delivered on May 12, 2015 at the launch of a report by the Syrian Justice and Accountability Center (SJAC) entitled ”A Step Towards Justice: Current Accountability Options for Crimes under International Law Committed in Syria.” The report discusses current accountability options for addressing crimes being perpetrated in Syria, examining the feasibility and potential impact of each option. This document outlines lessons learned from the field of international justice for accountability for crimes being committed in Syria.
This report provides an analysis of the history and current situation of the conflict context, actors and dynamics in Beirut, Lebanon. The report seeks to shed light on the main actors, topics of contestation, conflict and mobilisation in its historical becoming as well as current expressions. The report includes a special focus on the social question, subsequent political and social mobilisation, gender issues, the securitisation of the city, as well as the interactions between the Lebanese host community and Syrian refugees and their unfolding within the last four years (since 2011).