Although Lebanon is known in the Middle East for its relative political openness and for the degree of freedom Lebanese women enjoy, it paradoxically has one of the lowest rates of women’s political engagement in the region.
When Hizbollah – the Lebanese “Party of God” – threw its fighters into Syria in 2013, it sought primarily to save itself. Had the Assad regime collapsed or been defeated by U.S.-backed regional powers, it could have faced a hostile Sunni successor in Damascus and lost its essential arms channel from Iran. Today, its core objective of preserving the regime has been met, but there is no end in sight to the war.
Integrity’s research highlights that the truces agreed in several locations across Syria in the early months of 2014 do not represent the localised beginnings of a peacebuilding process. These agreements—and the negotiation and implementation processes that delivered them—were not built upon good practice and were significantly undermined by a lack of political will for peace from the outset. For opposition stakeholders, the truce agreements were a reaction to extreme levels of civilian suffering and a military capacity weakened by lengthy, government-enforced sieges.
The Lebanese people are divided behind their zu'ama (leaders), who always disagree over national and critical matters in order to protect their status and interests. Recently, some politicians called for the need to hold a referendum on the presidential elections and other issues as a means to resolve the current political deadlock.
Parliamentary elections of 2009 and the year 2008 in review. The evenings of tuesday and Wednesday, April 7/8 marked the last day to register as a candidate for the Lebanese Parliamentary Elections scheduled on Sunday June 7, 2009. The first candidate to register was Ali Badri Dandash (Shia'a seats allocated to Baalbak and Hermel district) and the last candidate was Mazhar Muhamad Osman (Sunniseats allocated to Minieh and Daniya district). The total number of candidates is 702.
Events and experiences over the past years have confirmed that Lebanon is not a "country" in the legal and political context of the term but an "agreement" between 18 confessions to live on one land and find an appropriate framework (the state) to deal with their differences. If they respect this agreement, peace and prosperity are established; but if they fail to comply with it, wars and crises erupt. Understanding Lebanon's different confessions is a necessity to get to know the country's reality with its wars, conflicts and accords.
In the previous issue, Information International surveyed the opinion of the Lebanes on various issues, namely their political belonging, their position toward Hizbullah's arms and rearmament of political parties, their most preferred candidates for presidency and premiership, as well as the party behind assassinations and explosions. In this article, Ii Monthly presents the opinions of the Lebanese about foreign ambassadors' role in internal affairs, their most favorite za'im, emigration and many other issues.