Gender

Civil Society Review issue 2 - Lebanese, refugee, and migrant women women in Lebanon: From sociopolitical marginality to turnaround strategies (preview)

While women’s issues and rights have been at the forefront of public and civil society debate, academic, and activist publications, women’s inequalities and the discrimination women face in Lebanon have been notably undermined, whether as citizens, refugees, or migrants. However, if the publicising of the “issue of women in Lebanon” has prompted the production of more “gender-related” information and knowledge, it has oftentimes adopted the rhetoric of denunciation and victimisation.

The Long-Term Challenges of Forced Migration: Perspectives from Lebanon, Jordan and Iraq

The Syrian conflict has forcibly displaced more than 11 million people to neighbouring countries such as Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq and Egypt, and elsewhere both regionally and globally. In a workshop held on 17–18 June 2016, the LSE Middle East Centre brought together a diverse group of people (policymakers from host states, representatives from international organisations, academics and NGOs practitioners) to explore the effects of the Syrian refugee emergency on Arab host states such as Lebanon, Jordan, and Iraq. This volume brings together a set of papers presented at the workshop.

Women's Rights and Gender Equality for Sustainable Development: Discussing the Proposed SDGs within the Context of the Development Problematique in the Arab Region

This paper was prepared by the Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA) as a background paper contributing to the Arab Sustainable Development Report. It focuses on gender equality as a core element to achieve sustainable development. It tackles gender mainstreaming as a strategy to overcome gender inequalities. In addition, this paper discusses proposed sustainable development goals (SDGs) that tackle the gender dimension within the context of the development problematique in Arab countries.

Transnational Activism in Lebanon's Women's Movement: Between FITNA, FAWDA, and Feminism

This thesis investigates transnational campaigns from the international and state level to consider the existence of transnational activism in Lebanon’s women’s movement. Lebanon’s women’s movement serves as an example to analyze the effects of transnationalism on national campaigns for policy change, in the Lebanese case, reformed personal status laws and citizenship rights.

Towards Formality: Promoting the Rights of Women and Men Workers in Arab Countries

This paper applies a gender equality and workers’ rights perspective to the study of informal employment in the Arab region. It highlights key outcomes of a joint regional initiative of the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the Centre of Arab Women for Training and Research (CAWTAR) on “Gender Equality and Workers’ Rights in the Informal Economies of Arab States”. It summarizes insights on the nature of employment in the informal economies of the region. The paper looks at informality of employment as a deficit in social and economic rights.

Working Paper 13000: Total Work, Gender and Social Norms

Using time-diary data from 25 countries, the authors demonstrate that there is a negative relationship between real GDP per capita and the female-male difference in total work time per day -- the sum of work for pay and work at home. In rich northern countries on four continents, including the United States, there is no difference -- men and women do the same amount of total work.

Social Protection for Women Workers in the Informal Economy

This article examines various approaches to the development of social protection schemes for informal women workers and issues facing this process. Sections in the article include 1) Introduction; 2) An Approach to Social Protection; 3) Components of a Social Protection Program for Women Workers; 4) Building Member-Based Organization; 5) Laws and Regulatory Environment; and 6) SEWA: A Case Study. 

Rural women producers and cooperatives in conflicts settings in the Arab States

Ongoing violent conflicts accentuate the challenges that women and men face in the rural areas of Iraq, Lebanon, and the West Bank and Gaza Strip. The potential of cooperatives for sharing risk, pooling resources, learning together, generating income, and balancing work and family responsibilities, has yet to be actualized. Cooperatives in the three countries remain marginal, and often organizations labelled as cooperatives do not adhere by cooperative principles.

Preventing and responding to gender-based violence in middle and low-income countries: a multi-sectoral literature review and analysis

This paper reviews what is known about more and less effective—or at least promising—approaches to prevent and respond to gender-based violence. Within sectors of justice, health, education, and multi- sectoral approaches, the paper examines initiatives that have addressed laws and policies, institutional reforms, community mobilization, and individual behavior change strategies. The review also highlights cross-cutting lessons that have emerged from research and programs over the last 30 years. 

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