This paper seeks to explain why women remain marginal in the Lebanese economy. It conducts a thorough review of literature to shed light on the economic, social and legal context to identify barriers to their full participation. The paper finds that social, economic, and legal institutions stand in the way of women’s economic empowerment by perpetuating inequality between men and women on the one hand and discriminating against women on the other.
Gender Equity Network
This thesis investigates transnational campaigns from the international and state level to consider the existence of transnational activism in Lebanon’s women’s movement. Lebanon’s women’s movement serves as an example to analyze the effects of transnationalism on national campaigns for policy change, in the Lebanese case, reformed personal status laws and citizenship rights.
This paper applies a gender equality and workers’ rights perspective to the study of informal employment in the Arab region. It highlights key outcomes of a joint regional initiative of the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the Centre of Arab Women for Training and Research (CAWTAR) on “Gender Equality and Workers’ Rights in the Informal Economies of Arab States”. It summarizes insights on the nature of employment in the informal economies of the region. The paper looks at informality of employment as a deficit in social and economic rights.
Using time-diary data from 25 countries, the authors demonstrate that there is a negative relationship between real GDP per capita and the female-male difference in total work time per day -- the sum of work for pay and work at home. In rich northern countries on four continents, including the United States, there is no difference -- men and women do the same amount of total work.
This article examines various approaches to the development of social protection schemes for informal women workers and issues facing this process. Sections in the article include 1) Introduction; 2) An Approach to Social Protection; 3) Components of a Social Protection Program for Women Workers; 4) Building Member-Based Organization; 5) Laws and Regulatory Environment; and 6) SEWA: A Case Study.
Ongoing violent conflicts accentuate the challenges that women and men face in the rural areas of Iraq, Lebanon, and the West Bank and Gaza Strip. The potential of cooperatives for sharing risk, pooling resources, learning together, generating income, and balancing work and family responsibilities, has yet to be actualized. Cooperatives in the three countries remain marginal, and often organizations labelled as cooperatives do not adhere by cooperative principles.
ABAAD-Resource Center for Gender Equality, in partnership with Women's League for International Peace and Freedom (WILPF) and in collaboration with the United Nations Interim Forces (UNFIL) in South Lebanon, organized the National Consultation Meeting on May 10th, 2012 at Holiday Inn, Dunes Hotel in Verdun, Beirut. The national consultation came within the framework of a broader regional process set to initiate a regional action agenda that aims at identifying constraints and opportunities for the advancement of women rights in the MENA region.
To help expand the focus of the social protection debate to include the informal sector, particularly women workers, the ILO global programme STEP, "Strategies and Tools against Social Exclusion and Poverty" and the global network called Women in Informal Employment: Globalizing and Organizing (WIEGO) co-organized a workshop entitled “Social Protection for Women in the Informal Sector” in December 1999 in Geneva, Switzerland.
This article addresses the public policy concept of gender mainstreaming and the extent of its efficacy since the 1995 Beijing Platform for Action (PfA) and the UN's adoption thereof in 1997. In addition, it seeks to contribute the the debate by reviewing the gender mainstreaming experiences of a specific group of institutions, rather than one government or organisation.
This paper aims to analyse the actual and potential impact of the global crisis on international migrant workers through a focus on four issue-areas.